Passport Office was established in George Town in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the year 1955. In the year 1966, it was shifted to the Govt. owned premises of Shastri Bhavan located at 26, Haddows Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai-600006, where a number of other Central Govt. Offices are also located. Initially, RPO, Chennai was catering to the needs of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry in addition to the neighbouring States of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In 1976 separate passport offices for these three states were established. In the year 1983, RPO, Chennai was again bifurcated and a separate office was established at Trichy with its own jurisdiction.
Passport Office, Chennai is primarily responsible for issuance of Indian Passports to the Citizens of India who are residing within its jurisdictional area. In addition to issue of passports, various other miscellaneous services like change of address in passport, additional endorsement regarding Emigration Check Not Required, Police Clearance Certificate, etc. are also being rendered by this office irrespective of the fact that the original passport is issued by Passport Office, Chennai or not, provided they stay in the area of jurisdiction of RPO Chennai.